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Learn chinese - Lesson 12 - Restaurant part I
服务员: 欢迎光临!位?
客人: 位。
客人: 你们在这儿有什特色菜?
服务员: 有麻辣豆腐, 香辣蟹,水煮鱼。你想点什么?
客人:来一麻辣豆腐, 一水煮鱼, 鱼香茄子和一炒饭。酸辣汤有吗?
服务员: 有。要碗?
客人: 三碗
服务员: 你们喝点什么?
客人: 喝青岛啤酒,三瓶,冰的。

fuwuyuan: Huanying guanglin! Ji wei?
keren: San wei.
keren: Nimen zai zhe`er you shenme tese cai?
fuwuyuan: You mala doufu, xiangla xie, shuizhu yu. Ni xiang dian shenme?
keren: Lai yi fen mala doufu, yi fen shuizhu yu, yuxiang qiezi he yi fen chaofan. Suanlatang you ma?
fuwuyuan: You. Yao ji wan?
keren: San wan ba.
fuwuyuan: Nimen he dian shenme?
keren: He Qingdao pijiu, san ping, bing de.

Waiter: Welcome! How many people?
Gość: Three.
G: What special dishes do you recommend?
K: We have mala tofu, spicy crabs, cooked fish. What would you like to order?
G: We would like to have one portion of tofu, one fish, aubergine and one portion of fried rice. Do you have sour and spicy soup?
K: Yes we do. How many bowls?
G: Three.
K: Anything to dring?
G: We will have Qingdao beer, three botles, chilled please.

New words
服务员                            fúwùyuán                               waiter
欢迎光临                        huānyíng guānglín               welcome
几                                    jǐ                                              how much (pronoun)
位                                    wèi                                          person (classificator)
客人                               kèrén                                       guest, client
在这儿                           zài zhè`er                                here
有                                   yǒu                                           to have
什么                               shénme                                  what (pronoun)
特色                               tésè                                         special
菜                                   cài                                            dish
麻辣豆腐                       mālà dòufu                             mala toufu
香辣蟹                           xiānglà xiè                              spicy crabs
水煮鱼                           shuǐzhǔ yú                              cooked fish
想                                   xiăng                                        to want
点                                   diăn                                          to order
来                                   lái                                             to bring
份                                   fèn                                            portion
鱼香茄子                       yúxiāng qiézi                          aubergine
和                                   hé                                            and (conjunction)
碗                                   wǎn                                         bowl (classificator)
炒饭                              chăofàn                                   fried rice
酸辣汤                          suānlàtāng                             sour-spicy soup
要                                  yào                                           to want
吧                                  ba                                             particle
喝                                  hē                                             to dring
青岛                              Qīngdăo                                  Qingdao (city)
啤酒                              píjiǔ                                          beer
瓶                                  píng                                          bottle (classificator)
冰的                              bīng de                                    chilled, cold
a.几 jǐ how much (pronoun)

The pronoun 几 jǐ is used when asking about age or number of calculabe things, but only to the number of 10.

你有瓶啤酒?                                                       我有瓶啤酒.
Ni you ji ping pijiu?                                               Wo you jiu ping pijiu.
How many bottles of beer do you have?          I have nine bottles of beer.

Note: Pay attention to the stroke order and differences between the character "how many" and "nine":

几          九
ji           jiu
how many  9

几 = 丿+乙
九 = 乙+丿


Classificators are used to classify objects. We put them before noun in order to clasify its number, form, etc. Classificators should be placed after quantifier or pronoun:

啤酒 - one bottle of bear
汤 - this bowl of soup

Classificators can also be an autonomous word.

c.吧 ba particle

Particle ba should be put at the end of the sentence. It implements many meanings, ie.: order, approbation, incentive.

Try to make your own dialogue according to the new words and phrases. Try to use as many classifcators and new words as you can.
Listen to Lesson 12