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Learn chinese - Lesson 11 - Time
Time words

In Chinese to express past, present or future time aspect you only have to add the appropriate word in the sentence, ie.: today, tomorrow, yesterday.


我的秘书明天去北京。

Wŏde mìshū míngtiān qù Běijīng.

My secretary tomorrow goes to Beijing.


The time word should be put after the subject before predicate.


我的秘书           明天        去 北京。

Wŏde mìshū míngtiān qù Běijīng.

subject         time word   predicate



前天    ----------->    昨天      ------>    今天       ----->      明天    ----->     后天

qiántiān             zuótiān                  jīntiān                míngtiān             hòutiān

the day before yesterday          yesterday       today       tomorrow       the day after tomorrow


Exercise:

Put the time word in a correct place in the sentence. Create 5 different sentences, read them aloud and translate into English.

1. 我的秘书明天去北京。

Wŏde mìshū míngtiān qù Běijīng.

My secretary tomorrow goes to Beijing.

2. 我的秘书______去北京。

Wŏde mìshū _______ qù Běijīng.

__________________________________.

3. 我的秘书________去北京。

Wŏde mìshū ________ qù Běijīng.

__________________________________.

4. 我的秘书_________去北京。

Wŏde mìshū _________ qù Běijīng.

__________________________________.

5. 我的秘书_______去北京。

Wŏde mìshū _________qù Běijīng.

__________________________________.


Dialogue

A: 王经理,您今天去北京差吗?

A: Wáng jīnglǐ, nín jīntiān qù Běijīng chūchāi ma?

B: 不是,我今天去上海,明天去北京,后天回公司。

B: Búshì, wǒ jīntiān qù Shànghǎi, míngtiān qù Běijīng, hòutiān húi gōngsī.


Translation:

A: Director Wang, are you going to Beijing today?

B: No, I am going to Shanghai today, tomorrow I am going to Beijing, I will be back to the company the day after tomorrow.


New words

秘书             [mìshū]            secretary

出差             [chūchāi]         business trip

经理             [jīnglǐ]               director

回                 [húi]                  come back

公司             [gōngsī]           company

Listen to Lesson 11