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Home > Your assistant > Learn chinese > Lesson 10 - Where?
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The question: “where”
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你的秘书在哪儿?                             --》 我的秘书在办公室里。
Nǐde mìshū zài nǎ`er?                               Wŏde mìshū zài bàngōngshì lĭ.
Where is your secretary?                          My secretary is in the office.
书在哪儿?                                        --》 书在桌子上。
Shū zài nǎ`er?                                             Shū zài zhuōzi shàng.
Where is the book?                                    The book is on the table.
你的护照在哪儿?                             --》 我的护照在我的包里。
Nǐde hùzhào zài nǎ`er?                              Wŏde hùzhào zài wŏde bāo lĭ.
Where is your passport?                           My passport is in my bag.

Just like in many other sentences with question pronouns, we do not change the sentence order when asking with "za na`er". You only have to put the answer on the place of question.


The question: “is she / he / it”?
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 经理在吗? 经理在。                               Jīnglǐ zài. He is.
Jīnglǐ zài ma? 经理不在。                       Jīnglǐ bú zài. He is not (here).
Is director (here)?

经理在办公室吗?                                    在 / 不在。
Jīnglǐ zài bàngōngshì ma?                    zài / bú zài.
Is the director in the office?                   Yes / Not.


Exercice
经理________吗?                          不
我的秘书______在。                        在
妈妈,我的书在______?               桌子
你的书在________上。                   不
总经理在________吗?                 哪儿
他_____在!。                                  办公室

Answers:
经理在吗?
我的秘书不在。
妈妈,我的书在哪儿?
你的书在桌子上。
总经理在办公室吗?
他不在!。

Dialogue - do you understand?
A: 您好!                              A: Ninhao!
B: 您好!                              B: Ninhao!
A: 您找谁?                          A: Nin zhao shei?
B: 我找王经理。他在吗?   B: Wo zhao Wang jingli. Ta zai ma?
A: 他不在。                            A: Ta bu zai.
B: 他在哪儿?                      B: Ta zai na`er?
A: 他出差了。                        A: Ta chuchai le.

Translation:
A: Hello!
B: Hello!
A: Who are you looking for?
B: I am looking for a director Wang. Is he (here)?
A: No, he is not.
B: Where is he?
A: He is on the business trip.

New words
在                                    [zài]                            in, to be in
在哪儿                            [zài nǎ`er]                  where, where is
办公室                            [bàngōngshì]           office
秘书                                [mìshū]                     secretary
护照                                [hùzhào]                    passport
里                                    [lĭ]                               in
上                                    [shàng]                     on
书                                    [shū]                          book
桌子                                [zhuōzi]                      table
桌子上                            [zhuōzi shàng]         on the table
包                                    [bāo]                          bag
包里                                [bāo lĭ]                       in the bag
找                                    [zhăo]                        look for
出差                                [chūchāi]                   to go for business trip
了                                    [le]                              particle, accomplished actions
Listen to Lesson 10